What is the ketogenic diet? How does the ketogenic diet work?

The basis of the ketogenic diet is the elimination of carbohydrates from the daily menu and replacing them with fats. The ketogenic diet is used for the treatment of epilepsy and is recommended primarily for those patients for whom pharmacology does not have the expected effects.

foods for the ketogenic diet

The main source of energy is carbohydrates, which is why we consume them the most (about 50%). Next to them are fats - 35%, in the daily diet - protein (about 15%). When the body gets too few carbohydrates, it needs energy from fats, which form the basis of the ketogenic diet. The fat can be 80 to 90 percent.

While using it quickly produces results and people who use it after a few days will notice a difference, this change does not last long. They are very often malnourished and lack essential nutrients.

Contrary to appearances, the ketogenic diet is not the next "miracle" diet. This special menu has been created for a specific purpose. Research shows that limiting carbohydrate intake to fat is ideal for people with refractory epilepsy.

Supportive therapy with fats, diet for autism, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, some types of epilepsy and encephalopathy are also being considered.

The ketogenic diet - how does it work?

When fats become the main fuel of the body during their decomposition, ketone bodies are formed: acetone, acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyric acid. They reach the nervous system, where instead of glucose they feed nerve cells.

Although metabolic changes in this diet are similar to those that occur in people who are hungry, in the case of epilepsy they have a beneficial effect. A high concentration of ketone bodies in the blood blocks the onset of seizures.